There are many different types of minor tranquillisers, but the most common are the group of drugs called benzodiazepines and are often used by heroin users due to their relaxing qualities and because they help ease the symptoms of withdrawal.
What else are they called?
Tranx, benzos, moggies, rohypnol, vallium, diazepam, temazepam
What do they look like?
Tablets and capsules in various colours and sizes
What are their legal status?
They are legal as prescription drugs, but there is a significant illicit market for them too.
Tranquillisers are controlled under Class C of the Misuse of Drugs Act.
Unauthorised possession (i.e. without a prescription) could result in a prison sentence of up to 2 years and an unlimited fine.
Supplying, which includes giving some to your friends, could mean up to 14 years in prison and an unlimited fine
How much do they cost?
They can be illegally supplied from 40-50p each.
What equipment do people use to take them?
None. They are tablets or capsules.
What about dependence/addiction?
Tranquillisers can cause psychological and physical addiction and, because tolerance increases over time, users may have to keep increasing their dose either to get the same hit, or just to maintain the initial positive medical effect on their anxiety or insomnia.
Withdrawal symptoms can appear after 2-3 days of not taking them and include insomnia, irritability, nausea and tremors.